Introduction

ATCA

The Campaign to Save the Alien Tort Claims Act


Human rights abusers now live in the United States. Deposed dictators, death squad leaders, and rapists, they come from countries ranging from Bosnia to Ethiopia, Guatemala to Pakistan, expecting safe haven from their sordid pasts. Just a couple of dozen of them have been ousted and none have been criminally indicted, in spite of laws that give U.S. courts locale to arraign such violations. Large portions of the survivors of abominations, for example, torment and genocide additionally fled to the United States, where they were conceded exile status. Some live in an indistinguishable groups from their abusers.


Gratefully, advance has been made in the United States for survivors who need to consider their tormentors responsible. In expansive measure that is because of a law called the Alien Tort Claims Act (ATCA). Be that as it may, this law, which offers the guarantee of equity to casualties of the most shocking human rights infringement, confronts a genuine danger. On March 30, 2004, the U.S. Incomparable Court will hear contentions on account of Sosa v. Alvarez-Machain, which will probably decide the law's future. The Justice Department, joined by the Legal Adviser for the U.S. State Department, has ambushed this solution for human rights casualties. Their proposition, now under the steady gaze of the Supreme Court, to take out the utilization of this statute by survivors of human rights infringement is a stage in reverse in this present nation's sense of duty regarding making a world free of outrages, for example, genocide and torment.

Human Rights

ATCA furthers the United States' commitment to human rights around the world. Since the Nazi Holocaust, the U.S. has worked to develop ways to punish those who commit atrocities and to prevent their recurrence. The United States was a key member in the trials of World War II war crooks in Nuremberg, Germany, and Tokyo, Japan, and it played a dynamic part in making the impromptu International Criminal Tribunal for the previous Yugoslavia to attempt people associated with genocide, atrocities, and violations against humankind in Bosnia-Herzegovina, in the early and mid 1990s. It additionally bolstered the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, which attempted those associated with support in the 1994 genocide in that nation. The U.S. has approved key traditions on universal human rights, and has denounced human rights violators around the globe.